Australian Open tennis
tournament, held annually in the last fortnight of January,
is the first of the world's four Grand
The tournament has been held for 100 years since 1905. Originally
based at the grass courts at Kooyong in the city of Melbourne's
inner south-east, the tournament was in danger of fading into
irrelevance, but was revived in the 1980s with a shift to
Melbourne Park, a new hardcourt venue next to the Melbourne
Cricket Ground on the southern fringe of the central business
Like all the Grand Slam tournaments,
there are men's and women's singles competitions, men's, women's,
and mixed doubles, as well as junior and master's competitions.
Two tournaments were held in 1977; the first in January,
the second in December. The tournament moved back to January
in 1987, so no championship was decided in 1986.
French Open, officially the Tournoi de Roland-Garros (English:
Roland Garros Tournament), is a tennis event held from the
middle of May to the beginning of June in Paris, France, and
is the second of the world's Grand
The French Open began as a
national tournament in 1891. In 1925, the French Championships
opened itself to international competitors with the event
held on a grass surface alternatively between the Racing Club
de France and the Stade Français. For the 1928 Davis
Cup challenge, a new tennis stadium was built at Porte d’Auteuil.
U.S. Open originates from two separate
tournaments: the men's tournament and the women's tournament.
The event was first held in August 1881 and staged at the
Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island (men's singles only).
The championships were known as the U.S. National Singles
Championship for men. Only clubs that were members of the
United States National Lawn Tennis Association were permitted
In 1900, U.S. National Men's Doubles Championship was held
for the first time. Tournaments were held in the east and
the west of the country in order to determine the best two
teams (sectional winners). These would then compete in a play-off
- the winner would play the defending champions in the challenge
Six years after the men's nationals were held, the first
official U.S. Women's National Singles Championship was held
at the Philadelphia Cricket Club in 1887, followed by the
U.S. Women's National Doubles Championship in 1889. The first
Mixed Doubles Championship was held alongside the Women's
Singles and Doubles.
is the oldest and most prestigious event in the sport of tennis.
Wimbledon, held in June/July,
is the third Grand Slam tournament played each year, preceded
by the Australian Open
and French Open, and followed
by the US Open. The tournament
(which is the only one of the Grand
Slams to be played on grass courts) lasts for a fortnight,
subject to extensions for rain. Separate tournaments are simultaneously
held for Gentlemen's Singles, Ladies' Singles, Gentlemen's
Doubles, Ladies' Doubles and Mixed Doubles. Youth tournaments
- Boys' Singles, Girls' Singles, Boys' Doubles and Girls'
Doubles - are also held. Additionally, special invitational
tournaments are held for retired players - 35 and over Gentlemen's
Doubles, 45 and over Gentlemen's Doubles, and 35 and over
Hopman Cup is an annual international
team tennis tournament held in Perth, Western Australia in
early-January (sometimes commencing in late-December) each
Unlike other major international team tennis tournaments
like the Davis Cup and the Fed
Cup, which are strictly for men or women only, the Hopman
Cup is a mixed competition where male and female players
team up together on combined teams.
Eight nations are selected annually to compete in the Hopman
Cup. Each team consists of one male player and one female
player. Each match-up between two teams at the championships
* one women's singles match
* one men's singles match
* one mixed doubles match
Tennis Masters Cup
Tennis Masters Cup was
created on December 9, 1999. On that day, the Grand
Slam Committee, the ITF and the ATP Tour announced that
the ATP Tour World Championship and the men's Grand Slam Cup
would be discontinued and a new jointly owned, end of year
men's tournament to be known as the Tennis Masters Cup was
created. At the end of the tennis year, the top eight players
in the world compete for the Masters Cup.
Davis Cup is the international
team event in men's tennis. The largest annual team competition
in sport, the Davis Cup is run
by the International Tennis Federation and is contested between
teams of players from the competing countries in a knock-out
format. The women's equivalent of the Davis
Cup is the Fed Cup (known as
the Federation Cup before 1995).
The tournament was conceived in 1899 by four members of the
Harvard University tennis team who came up with the idea of
challenging the British to a tennis showdown. Once the idea
received the go ahead from the respective lawn tennis associations,
one of the four Harvard players, Dwight F. Davis, designed
a tournament format and spent the money from his own pocket
to purchase an appropriate sterling silver trophy.
The first match, between the United States and Great Britain
was held in Brookline, Massachusetts in 1900. The American
team, of which Dwight Davis was a part, surprised the British
by winning the first three matches. The following year the
two countries did not compete but the US won the next match
in 1902. By 1905 the tournament expanded to include Belgium,
Austria, France, and Australasia, a combined team from Australia
and New Zealand that competed together until 1924.
Fed Cup (until 1995 Federation
Cup) is the most important tennis tournament for female
national teams, very similar to the men's Davis
Cup. Both events are sanctioned by the International Tennis
The event was first held in 1963, the 50th anniversary of
ITF, and has been held annually ever since.
World Team Cup
World Team Cup is the international
team championship of the Association of Tennis Professionals
(ATP). The tournament has been contest annually since 1978
and is considered to be second most prestigious men's team
competition in tennis after the Davis
Every year, the eight nations whose top two male players
have achieved the highest combined placings in the men's world
rankings at the end of the previous year are invited to compete
for the cup.
The competition is played on clay courts in Düsseldorf,
Germany. The event is generally regarded as the sports highlight
of the social scene in the Düsseldorf area. It attracts
around 75,000 visitors every year and is televised to over