Basic Tennis

GRAND SLAMS

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Winning Australian Open, French Open, Wimbledon and US Open in the same year

A Grand Slam is a term in tennis used to denote winning all four Grand Slams of the following championship titles in the same year:

These tournaments are therefore also known as the Grand Slam tournaments, and rank as the most important tennis tournaments of the year in the public mind as well as in terms of the ranking points and prizemoney awarded for performances in them. The titles are known as Grand Slam titles.


History

The term Grand Slam was first used in 1933, by the American journalist John Kieran. In describing the attempt that year by Jack Crawford to win all four titles, he compared it with "a countered and vulnerable grand slam in bridge". However, in the finals of the U.S. Championships, Crawford was unable to defeat Fred Perry. It wasn't until 1938 that Donald Budge became the first person to win the Grand Slam.

The expression, used to describe the winning of the tennis major events, was later incorporated by other sports, to describe a similar accomplishment. The main example being golf, where the Grand Slam represents winning the four majors in the same calendar year.


Winnners

True Grand Slam

The winners of the Grand Slam (all four tournaments in the same calendar year) in Singles are:

Of these, Steffi Graf was the only one to win each title on a different surface: Carpet, clay, grass, and hardcourt.


The doubles winning the Grand Slam are:


Additionally, three players won all four Doubles Grand Slam titles, but switched partners after the Australian Open:

Four consecutive Grand Slam titles

Though the term was originally restricted to the winning of all four tournaments in the same calendar year, it is now sometimes used for holding all four titles simultaneously, regardless of the calendar. During an interview with Serena Williams at the U.S. Open, after she had won the title, an interviewer coined the term "Serena Slam" for this achievement. Serena did indeed succeed in winning this honour, but counter to Martina Navratilova before her, she had to leave it at four titles.

Winners of all four Grand Slam tournaments consecutively, but not in a single calendar year, were:

Career Grand Slam

Winning all four Grand Slam tournaments non-consecutively, is described as a "career Grand Slam."

Players who won all four Grand Slam tournaments but not within the same year include:

Of these, Andre Agassi was the only one to win each title on a different surface: Carpet, clay, grass, and hardcourt.


Golden Slam

True Golden Slam

The Golden Slam, or Golden Grand Slam, is winning all four Grand Slam tournaments, as well as the Gold medal in tennis at the Summer Olympics, in the same calendar year. The opportunities to do so have been rare, not just because the Summer Olympics are held only once every four years, but also because in between the games of 1924 and 1988, tennis was not a medal sport at the Games.

So far this feat has been achieved only once:

Career Golden Slam

Winning all tournaments in a True Golden Slam, but non-consecutively:

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia Articles Tennis Tournaments.

 
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