Australian Open tennis tournament, held
annually in the last fortnight of January, is the first of the world's four
Grand Slam tournaments.
The tournament has been held for 100 years
since 1905. Originally based at the grass courts at Kooyong in the city of
Melbourne's inner south-east, the tournament was in danger of fading into
irrelevance, but was revived in the 1980s with a shift to Melbourne Park,
a new hardcourt venue next to the Melbourne Cricket Ground on the southern
fringe of the central business district.
Like all the Grand
Slam tournaments, there are men's and women's singles competitions, men's,
women's, and mixed doubles, as well as junior and master's competitions.
Two tournaments were held in 1977; the first
in January, the second in December. The tournament moved back to January
in 1987, so no championship was decided in 1986.
Names of the winners are inscribed on the
perpetual trophy Cups.
Men's record holders for most wins since 1925:
Ladies' record holders for most wins since